Chittorgarh Fort is one of the grandest forts built in the history of India. The magnificent structure is a testament to the glory of the erstwhile rulers of Rajasthan.
If you are visiting the land of kings on vacation, you must witness the grandeur of Chittorgarh Fort.
Spread over an area of 700 acres, this fort perfectly encapsulates the glorious heritage and architectural excellence of the brave Rajput rulers. Due to its historical importance and magnificence, UNESCO declared Chittorgarh Fort as a World Heritage Site in 2013.
Chittorgarh Fort is located about 100 km from Udaipur and is one of the tourist attractions in Rajasthan. Chittorgarh Fort has been a witness to the virtues of Rajputana pride, loyalty and sacrifice.
Situated on a hill, the Chittorgarh Fort served as the capital of the erstwhile state of Mewar. In the early 14th century, the Chittorgarh Fort was attacked by Alauddin Khilji, the ruler of the Delhi Sultanate.
According to legend, Khilji defeated the then ruler of Mewar, Rana Ratan Singh. According to Malik Muhammad Jayasi’s poem Padmaavat, Khalji attacked Chittoor after Ratan Singh’s beautiful wife Queen Padmini was killed.
Khalji intends to marry the magnificent queen. However, after King Ratan Singh’s defeat, Queen Padmini committed Johar (self-immolation) to protect her honor.
Queen Padmini’s great sacrifice and bravery is celebrated even today. Johar Mela is held in Chittorgarh every year, which commemorates the sacrifice of Queen Padmini and celebrates Rajputana bravery.
The main attractions of Chittorgarh Fort are the Kirti Sattam, Vijay Sattam, Rani Padmini Palace, Gaumukh Tank, and Rana Kumbh Palace. It is believed that Queen Padmini committed the Johar in one of the underground basements of Rana Kumbha’s palace.
The two imposing towers of Chittorgarh Fort, Kirti Sattam and Vijay Sattam, are also of great importance. The Kirti Sattam or Tower of Fame was built in the 12th century and is dedicated to the first Jain Tirthankar, Adinathji. The Vijayastamb or Tower of Victory is a symbol of Rajput valor and honor.
Even after centuries, Chittorgarh Fort never ceases to amaze visitors with its rich history and fascinating architecture.
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